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2016专八改革后的写作部分做题技巧《新闻》

发布时间:2020-08-28 19:36:35 阅读: 来源:广告机厂家

­  ?2016专八改革后的写作部分做题技巧

­  2016专八改革后的写作部分除了既定的大小作文,增加一个300词的summary。

­  所以基础的输入,和对文章的分析能力是2016专八改革后的写作部分做题技巧的前提和基础。

­  下面来详细解析2016专八改革后的写作部分做题技巧

­  概括原文

­  (一)阅读

­  1.读懂文章

­  读文章的时候,要养成良好的阅读习惯,划划写写,英文阅读的时候,用铅笔轻轻划出重点词汇。

­  认真阅读给定的原文材料。如果一遍不能理解,就多读两遍。阅读次数越多,你对原文的理解就越深刻。

­  2.拆分文章

­  按照作者的思路,把文章分段,每个段落用几个词,几个短语概括。尽量简短,精炼。

­  段落中心句,在段落的开头或末尾。有时也会变态的在当中。

­  3.概括主旨

­  写出文章的thesis, 一句话概括文章的主旨。

­  (二)基本结构和技巧

­  1.重新拟定标题

­  给summary起一个标题。用那些能概括文章主题思想的单词、短语或短句子作为标题。也可以采用文中的主题句作为标题。

­  2.阐述观点

­  摘要应全部用自己的话完成。不要引用原文的句子。写概述的时候,如果能够明确是他人写作的文章,注意要把作者的名字放在第一句(或者是the author…….)。接着写出要阐述的main ideas(主要观点)和supporting points(对主要观点的支持)。

­  3.词汇运用

­  注意概述的coherence(连贯性),运用好transition words(过渡词), like however, furthermore, nonetheless, besides, therefore etc.

­  4.删除细节

­  只保留主要观点。

­  5.选择一至两个有代表性的例子

­  原文中可能包括5个或更多的例子,你只需从中筛选一至二个例子。

­  6.把长句变成短句,把长段的描述变成短小、简单的句子。

­  “ He was hard up for money and was being pressed by his creditor.”

­  可以概括为:“He was in financial difficulties.”

­  “His courage in battle might without exaggeration be called lion-like.”

­  可以概括为:”He was very brave in battle.”

­  “He was hard up for money and was being pressed by his creditor.”

­  可以概括为:“He was in financial difficulties.”

­  6) 你还可以使用词组代替整句或者从句。请看下面的例子:

­  “Beautiful mountains like Mount Tai, Lushan Mountain, and Mount Huang, were visited by only a few people in the past. Today, better wages, holidays with pay, new hotels on these mountains, and better train and bus services, have brought them within reach of many who never thought of visiting them ten years ago.”

­  可以概括为:”Beautiful mountains like Mount Tai, once visited by only a few people, are today accessible to many, thanks to better wages, paid holidays, new hotels and better transportation services.”

­  7) 使用概括性的名词代替具体的词,比如:

­  “She brought home several Chinese and English novels, a few copies of Time and Newsweek and some textbooks. She intended to read all of them during the winter vocation.”

­  可以概括为:”She brought home a lot of books to read during the vocation.”

­  8) 使用最短的连接词。比如,可

­  以使用but, then, thus, yet, though,不能使用at the same time, in the first place, because of these, on the other hand等较长的连接词。通常,使用分号就能够达成使用连接词的效果。

­  9) 文章中的第一人称说的话通常在摘要中转换成第三人称,从而把大段的对白简化,比如:

­  Kate looked at Paul disapprovingly: You use much too much salt on your food, Paul — it’s not good for you!” Paul put down his knife and frowned:”Why on earth not! If you didn’t have salt on your food it would taste awful… like eating cardboard or sand… just imagine bread without salt in it, or potatoes or pasta cooked without salt!” Kate was patient. She didn’t want to quarrel with Paul. She wanted to persuade him. She said firmly:”But too much salt is bad for you. It cause high blood pressure and latter on, heart-attacks. It also disguises the taste of food, the real tastes which are much more subtle than salt, and which we have lost the sensitivity to appreciate any more.”

­  可以用第三人称概括为:

­  Kate suggested to Paul that he should eat less salt. She thought that eating too much salt would do hard to Paul’s health and that it could reduce the real tastes of food. But Paul disagreed. He said that food without salt would be tasteless.

­  7.注意问题

­  (1)避免重复

­  在原文中,为了强调某个主题,可能会重复论证说明。但是这在summary中是不能使用的。应该删除那些突出强调的重述句。

­  (2)不要把自己的观点强行添加给作者

­  (3)概述长度不要超过原文章的1/4

­  (4)不要过多照搬原作者的用词,用句

­  (尽可能用自己的话来写,但不排斥用原文的某些词句)。

­  (5)最后检查一遍,确保文中没有语病,没有语法错误和拼写错误。

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